The government said the official number of Covid-19 cases jumped by more than 10,000 on Sunday, a new record daily increase and the largest outside the US. The figure underscores warnings from the Kremlin that the pandemic will continue to spread until at least mid-May.
But Sergei Sobyanin, Moscow’s mayor, said on Saturday that a new survey using improved testing methods suggested 2 per cent of the capital’s citizens were infected with coronavirus, equal to more than 250,000 people, or four times the number of officially confirmed cases in the city.
“It is obvious that the threat is still growing,” Mr Sobyanin said in a statement posted on his personal website. “Once again I appeal to you, dear Muscovites, with a request to treat self-isolation measures as responsibly as possible.”
Russia on Sunday said almost 135,000 coronavirus cases had been recorded nationwide and close to 1,300 people had died of the virus. That lifts Russia above Turkey in the list of worst-affected countries, according to Johns Hopkins University data.
While Russia reported far fewer cases of coronavirus in February and early March as the number of infections surged in other European countries, it has struggled to contain the outbreak over the past six weeks, with cases recorded across its vast territory.
Unlike the European countries with more confirmed cases — Germany, Spain, France, Italy and the UK — the number of news cases recorded each day is still rising, and the Kremlin has warned that the outbreak may only begin to plateau by the middle of May.
President Vladimir Putin last week warned Russians in a national address that “the most intense stage in the fight against the epidemic” was still ahead.
Mr Putin appointed a temporary replacement for prime minister Mikhail Mishustin on Thursday after the head of government said he had contracted the virus.
The head of Rospotrebnadzor, Russia’s health watchdog on Sunday said that a national lockdown in place since late March could be extended beyond mid-May if citizens violated the rules during the annual May holidays that began this weekend.
“Everything is possible . . . we can still sit for a long time, until June, at least,” Anna Popova told state-run television. “The restrictions can be lifted by assessing the epidemic situation. If people start to violate them today, then by May 12 it will be obvious that we need to strengthen them.”
Extending the lockdown would heap even more pressure on Russia’s crisis-wracked economy. Hit by both a collapse in global and domestic demand and the fall in oil prices — its key export — the central bank expects gross domestic product to fall by as much as 6 per cent this year.
The rise in confirmed cases in provincial cities and rural areas outside Moscow is also a concern and will probably mean a multitiered lifting of restrictions, Mr Putin warned this week.
“The spread of the disease outside the key cities is an important signpost to watch,” said Andrius Tursa, an analyst at Teneo, a political risk consultancy. “Russia’s remote regions tend to have older populations, lower economic resilience to shocks and limited healthcare capacity to handle the outbreak.”