The process of remastering Amnesia

Note that these are my techniques and ways I remastered Amnesia and this isn’t a professional guide to remastering a game, I’m not a professional nor do I have any experience in 2D or 3D graphics.

The Textures

Original Amnesia textures aren’t bad at all. They actually are as good as they possibly could have been back in 2010, running on older machines. But things have changed.
My first step to remaster Amnesia were the textures. Back then in 2016 when I first got this foolish Idea in my head – there were no ways of upscaling textures available for me. So I hade to improvise:

Photoshop upscale and overlays
This was my earliest technique of “upscaling”. Open up a texture (I’ll be using from Amnesia). Once opened press Ctrl+Alt+I and change the size from 512 to 1024. This will double it size, but won’t add any detail.
To add detail open up any other texture I will be using:
Add it on top of the texture you want to “upscale” and change the blending to “soft light”

Left - Default. Right - Overlayed

LEFT – original. RIGHT – overlayed. You can see this kinda works, and if uspcaling didn’t become a thing this would be the way I would do it.

Upscaling using software
This is the go-to way of remastering textures. The texture stays as true to the original as possible and the results are amazing

Left - original Right - Upscale

LEFT – original. RIGHT – upscaled. For this technique I used Topaz Gigapixel AI. When I first saw upscaling software I was mind-blown, and the first thing that came to my mind was to upscale Amnesia.

Remaking textures
Even though, this textures looking great. It wasn’t changing the game enough to be called a remaster. If this was Amnesia: The Dark Descent – Upscaled then yes, this would do.
I actually upscaled all the textures before I started to remake some of them. To remake a texture I either used a pre-existing texture, color-correct it, adjusted the levels so it matched the original texture or I used a PBR material.

And I actually replaced this texture in game with a PBR material:

Now I was happy with the end result. Since PBR are real life surfaces, they look more real and by adjusting the color I managed to not deviate from the original feel. This is how it looks in game:

ingame castlebase

The upscaling journey

Ok so now I had to upscale every single texture of every single static object, entity and particle system there is. And when I was done upscaling, I had to make normal, specular and height maps for every single upscaled texture. If you wonder how much work that is: (i won’t be counting other textures, only objects)
626 static object textures
1527 entity textures
In total: ‭2 153‬ textures

I suggest you watch 3kliksphilip’s video:
he is an upscaling addict.

The shaders

This was something I experimented with a lot.

I’ve tried sweetfx, which doesn’t support OpenGl games like Amnesia.

I’ve tried reShade, which has an anoying pop up everytime the games is launched

I’ve also tried using the edited shaders by a member of this community I acutally ended up using one texture from that, so thanks Stayd!

But what I ended up doing is actually copying shaders from Machine for Pigs. These shaders don’t blow out the whites as the TDD’s do.

But the most interesting and most graphics changing is the 3D parallax shader.


So now the textures are done. We have awesome new textures, either upscaled or redone. We also got them looking awesome thanks to the parallax effect.

Reflective floor
There’s no such thing as a reflective floor in Amnesia. The only thing able to reflect the surrounding is the water. So how to make reflective floor?

1. Make a white blank texture and port it to Amnesia material editor.

Using these exact settings, you can make an invisible material that reflects everything around it.

2. Choose a place where you want your floor to be reflective

I chose this floor. Now let’s make this floor reflect inside the game. To do it – have the floor selected and press Ctrl+D to duplicate it. now just change the material to the reflective one we made above.

Now you should have your floor and a reflective, invisible material on top.

And boom, our floor is now reflecting surrounding areas. It’s very demanding, thats why I decided to use it so little on such a small surface. Also use it on floor that make sense, wood for example wouldn’t be able to give off such a sharp reflection, but this marble floor works fine.

The enviroments

When I had all the textures done, I still didn’t feel it changed the game much. The HD textures are only visible from a close distance.

To make the Brenneburg castle feel more like a place I made the windows seethrough. And how did I do that? I changed the original window texture from a solid material into either translucent material or even better… water.

Using water material as windows allows me to give the window a realistic reflection as well as being translucent.

Now that the windows are translucent, I added an outside scene behind every single window in the game. So you can have a better look at the Prussian forest, but don’t get too close otherwise the interior reflection will cover your view.

Blocked off cave-ins
Ever wondered what’s behind the blocked off areas? Well I added little gaps in between the rocks, so you can see where the corridors originally lead.

This with the outside areas is a great addition to the game in my opinion. It makes the castle feel like a real place, without deviating from the original game too much.

The lighting
The lighting was already good in Amnesia, but there were improvements i could make. First, the candles and other lightsources cast realtime shadows.

Some lightrays created by windows now pulsate, or slightly change color as time passes.

And the one I like the most. Smoke and dust is now affected by light level.

Now you can only see the smoke and dust if there’s light. This wasn’t the case in Amnesia. The dust and smoke would just be always visible even in complete darkness. This makes the lighting look more dynamic and important in the levels as well as the particle effects more realistic.

There are a LOT more improvements in the game. Like more breakable objects, more interactable objects etc. But I wanted to showcase the ones that made the most impact and were the most important.

If you like the work I did, you can either donate or rate this mod or write a comment etc. etc.
And of course thank you for your time!


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